Comparison of Percutaneous versus Open Surgical techniques for placement of Peritoneal Dialysis Catheters
Background: Nephrologists have used percutaneous placements of peritoneal dialysis catheters (PDCs) with or without fluoroscopic guidance. PDCs are also placed using mini-laparotomy and laparoscopic techniques by surgeons. Percutaneous PDC placement by nephrologists is a simple, non-invasive technique with minimum intraoperative morbidity. We compared operative and immediate complications of PDCs using percutaneous versus open surgical mode of insertion.
Methods: Data of all patients entering into CAPD programme in our center between July 2011 to July 2015 was collected. A total of 377 PDCs had been inserted over 48 months in 358 patients. Of 377 catheters inserted, 224 had been inserted by percutaneous method and 153 by surgical technique.
Results: Wound hematoma developed in 3.5% of percutaneously placed catheters vs 2.6% of catheters placed by surgical technique, p-0.061. Haemorrhagic effluent was seen in 4.46% of percutaneously placed catheters vs 3.92% of surgically placed catheters, p-0.068. Bowel injury occurred in 1.33% of percutaneously placed catheters vs 0.65% of surgically placed catheters, p-0159. Dialysate leak occurred in 2.6% of catheters placed percutaneously vs 6.5% of catheters placed by surgical technique, p-0.068. Percutaneous PDC allowed a significantly shorter hospital stay, smaller wound size and less break-in period
Conclusions: Percutaneously placed CAPD catheters by nephrologists ensues significantly less hospital stay, small sized incision, lesser break-in period and less post-surgical morbidity as compared with surgically placed catheters. Percutaneous PDC placement is minimally invasive, safe, less time consuming and dependable peritoneal access technique.
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